Place: Harsin, Kermanshah Province
Bisotun is located along the ancient trade route linking the Iranian high plateau with Mesopotamia and features remains from the prehistoric times to the Median, Achaemenid, Sassanian, and Ilkhanid periods. The principal monument of this archaeological site is the bas-relief and cuneiform inscription ordered by Dariush the Great, when he rose to the throne of the Persian Empire, 521 BC. According to legend, the figure represents Gaumata, the Median Magus and pretender to the throne whose assassination led to Dariush’s rise to power. The inscription is written in three languages. The oldest is an Elamite text referring to legends describing the king and the rebellions.